Thematic route

"Discover the secrets of the forest"


The Common hornbeam

Foto: Marian SĂVOIU

Listen to the information here!

I introduce you to one of my main competitors, the hornbeam or scientifically Carpinus betulus.

Why is the hornbeam a formidable competitor to the oak tree?

The decisive factor in this competition is light, because compared to oak, hornbeam tolerates shading for a long time. With such an advantage the hornbeam will always win.

Thus, the forester, through his work, provides a balance in this competition and helps the oak to get the light it needs to survive.

The trunk of the hornbeam is grooved, with a gray-greenish bark. The leaves are 3 to 10 cm long, with a double saw edge.


Did you know that...

  • The hornbeam is a tree with low longevity, growing significantly only until the age of 30-35 years.

  • Hornbeam is often used in making hedges.